Windows vs Linux vs MacOS: A Comparison

Renju Mohan
3 min readJun 1, 2021


Working on a computer system requires an Operating System Software. As a user, the operating system I choose has to satisfy my needs. I have been working on Windows, Linux and MacOS for quite a long time. All three has their own differences in taking care of the hardware it uses. Windows and Linux doesn’t care about the hardware, it just slides in. But MacOS has a dedicated hardware set.

Comparing the three, Windows is paid, but you can use the trial version forever considering the limitations it has. Linux on the other hand is free. Though there are paid versions of Linux, many of them are free, for example, Ubuntu, Kali Linux, Parrot Security etc. MacOS is free but, it is available only to Mac Users. I will be comparing the key differences related to some jobs. Let’s discuss the key differences of the three.

(This is not a technical comparison.)

  1. Price: Pricing is an important factor and it is thus that this list is launched. The MacOS is for the hardware of Apple, the Macintosh computers. And the price of a new Macintosh could be thousands, depending on the model. On the other hand, Windows may run on multiple manufacturers’ external hardware. Windows and relatively less expensive hardware is also available. However, a few hundred bucks would still be replaced by a decent Windows PC. Linux can be downloaded, changed and redistributed entirely free as part of the GNU software licensing.
  2. Ease of use: It’s pretty easy and easy to set up and start up with Windows. This is one reason why in many homes and businesses you will find Windows PCs. Compared to Linux, Mac is easier to use, especially for new users.
  3. Security/Virus Proof: In addition to Apple security patches and updates that are regularly provided, MacOS is less likely to be attacked by its software licensing. Because of its open-source licensing, Linux is more vulnerable than Mac, but it’s less popular with malware. As an open source, however, Linux has a large community base to help in the event of a security violation. Windows is the most vulnerable to virus attacks amongst three system users due to its popularity. And as you would expect, a lot of malware is being developed for it. Nevertheless, several free, paid anti-viruses offer Windows users security.
  4. Percentage of Usage: Windows has 70.92% of the market share for laptop, tablet, and console operating systems making it the most popular OS worldwide. MacOS follows with approximately 16% market share and lastly Linux with about 2%.
  5. Hardware Support: In this category, MacOS shines since it offers the best results through reliable hardware-software integration. However, on a wide variety of computer hardware, Linux and Windows may be used. However, differences in hardware configurations may cause stability problems.
  6. User Target Group: It targets people of all ages and social and economic levels to make it suitable for many homes and businesses, which makes Windows relatively cheaper than the Mac. Creators – video editors, graphic designers and animators – have a greater Mac sphere. Mac is a great option for people who want to spend more on something smart and different. Techies – developers and programmers – generally popularize with Linux. That’s because Linux is open source, does not track the digital footprint of its users and offers an advanced and simple customization of the graphical user interface (GUI) or a command-line interface.

In general, we have looked at the unique and different nature of these operating systems. Ultimately, what you choose to do depends on your individual needs and what you want. There are a couple of reasons why you can go across. Your budget, features available, cross-functions, hardware integrations and personal preferences drive your choice. It’s all about you.



Renju Mohan

A student and self made content creator, who is more interested in technology, photography and videography.